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This method has significantly smaller replica number than the full replica strategy. Meanwhile, NB-RD has a replica hit rate of 95.2%, which is higher than the segmentation strategy’s 86% and crypto has a better hit ratio. The amount of data preserved is only 57.2% of the whole replica strategy, which is better than the existing segmentation strategy. However, fewer spikes occur compared to the segmentation strategy because this method exploits the decaying relationship of blockchain accesses, where new blocks are assigned more replicas, and old blocks are appropriately reduced in the replica number. This replica management method is more in line with the laws of blockchain access, which greatly improves the replica access hit ratio and reduces the replica data volume while ensuring blockchain access performance. Of course there is a spike in fetch time for NB-RD, mainly because burst accesses to old blocks need to be fetched from other partitions after replica deletion, resulting in a steep increase in fetch time. Figure 15 shows that the NB-RD is close to the full replica strategy in acquisition time, with the average acquisition time being just 5.72% percent longer than the full replica strategy, which is substantially better than the segmentation strategy.

The core idea is deleting the minor loss replica based on the replica deletion loss and the partition load state at each iteration. The specific implementation process includes message design, bitcoin state calculation, and cooperative deletion algorithms. For the replica deletion model, we approximate the optimal replica deletion distribution by deleting the replica greedily.

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where D j k represents the total loss when deleting a block k replica in partition j , r i j k represents the access number from partition i to partition j for block k , d i j k represents the loss under that access behavior, and S represents the partitions number. We perform a summation analysis for the single replica deletion loss, with the following overall objective equation:

Now, before you start giggling like a schoolgirl, yes, sharding is a real term and method used for scaling at the layer 1 level. Sharding is an approach that involves breaking up a network into a series of separate database blocks known as "shards." This essentially makes the blockchain more manageable and eases the requirements for all the nodes to process transactions in order to maintain and run the network.

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ERA’s with a non-resident general partner or managing agent would also have to submit a Form ADV-NR, filed via a paper form separate from the Form ADV filing submitted via the IARD/FINRA system. However, an ERA need not prepare a Form ADV Part 2A firm brochure and need only complete select items and schedules in Form ADV Part 1A. 3 Additionally, states may require notice filings and fees for ERAs depending on the firm’s nexus with that state. At the federal level, ERAs, like registered investment adviser (RIA) firms, are required to file annual updating amendments to Form ADV (within 90 days of the firm’s fiscal year end and more frequently in certain circumstances based on material developments in accordance with the Form ADV instructions.

As can be seen from the violin distribution of acquisition time in Figure 12, Figure 13 and Figure 14, the storage architecture proposed in this paper is obviously superior to other schemes. The mean data acquisition time of the architecture in this paper is 0.1099 s, with a variance of 0.0103 s. When the node scale is 1000, the mean data acquisition time in BC-store is 0.4831 s, with a variance of 0.0971. The mean data acquisition times in KARAKASA architecture are 0.2162 s and 0.5733 s, respectively, with variances of 0.0124 and 0.0452. When the node scale is 3000, the mean data acquisition time in BC-store is 0.6584 s, with a variance of 0.0956. The mean data acquisition time of the architecture in this paper is 0.1096 s, a variance of 0.0066. The mean data acquisition times in KARAKASA architecture are 0.4697 s and 0.7606 s, with variances of 0.0526 s and 0.0433, respectively. When the node scale is 5000, the mean data acquisition time in BC-store is 0.8109 s, with a variance of 0.1511. The mean data acquisition time of the architecture in this paper is 0.1296 s, with variance of 0.0659. The mean data acquisition times in KARAKASA architecture are 0.2904 s and 0.6053 s, with variances of 0.0241 s and 0.0394, respectively. The acquisition time in KARAKASA also grows slightly when node scale grows, albeit at a slower rate than BC-store, whereas NB-RD grows slowly and remains steady as node scale grows. It can be seen that the data acquisition time in the BC-store increases rapidly with the increase of node scale.image

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